In the dynamic realm of biotechnology, Europe stands as a vibrant hub of innovation, harbouring a diverse array of pioneering companies that have propelled the industry to unprecedented heights. From groundbreaking advancements in genomics and personalised medicine to cutting-edge developments in agricultural biotechnology, European biotech firms have continually pushed the boundaries of scientific exploration. In this blog, we'll delve into a curated list of companies that are at the forefront of revolutionising pharmaceutical, genomics and agriculture sectors, pushing the boundaries of what's possible and positively impacting lives across the globe.

Pharmaceutical Companies:


BioNTech, founded in 2008 and headquartered in Mainz, Germany, is a well-known European biotechnology company that has been actively involved in various technologies, such as antibody drugs, CAR T-cell immunotherapies and messenger RNA therapeutics. However, it gained widespread public attention during the Covid-19 pandemic when it partnered with Pfizer in the commercialisation of the world's first mRNA Covid-19 vaccine. This groundbreaking achievement propelled RNA therapeutics into the mainstream.

The company has a focus on developing active immunotherapies tailored to individual patients for treating various diseases. It leverages messenger Ribonucleic Acid (mRNA) to create pharmaceutical candidates used in personalised cancer immunotherapies, vaccines against infectious diseases, and protein replacement therapies for rare diseases. Additionally, BioNTech works on engineered cell therapy, novel antibodies, and small molecule immunomodulators as potential cancer treatment options.

With a market capitalization of €62.5 billion, BioNTech's innovative contributions to the field of biotechnology have significantly impacted the fight against infectious diseases and cancer, making it a major player in the European biotech space.


EnteroBiotix is a UK-based biopharmaceutical company that is developing next-generation microbiome medicines to transform the lives of patients with debilitating diseases and infections.

The company specialises in the development of innovative therapies related to the human gut microbiome. It is dedicated to addressing various gastrointestinal diseases and disorders through the use of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) and other microbiome-based products.

EnteroBiotix's mission is to improve patient outcomes and quality of life by harnessing the potential of the gut microbiome to treat conditions such as Clostridioides Difficile Infection (CDI) and other gastrointestinal disorders. They work on advancing research in this field and aim to provide safe and effective treatment options to patients in need.

Gene Editing Companies:

CRISPR Therapeutics

CRISPR Therapeutics AG is a biotech company headquartered in Zug, Switzerland, with offices in various locations including Boston, San Francisco, and London. Established in 2013, the company is among the pioneers in leveraging the CRISPR gene editing platform to develop novel medicines targeting a range of rare and common diseases.

Employing around 500 individuals, CRISPR Therapeutics has gained recognition in the industry. Its manufacturing facility located in Framingham, Massachusetts was honoured with the Facilities of the Year Award (FOYA) in 2022, highlighting the company's commitment to cutting-edge manufacturing practices.

One of CRISPR Therapeutics' most promising initiatives is its lead program, Exagamglogene autotemcel, or exa-cel (previously known as CTX001). This program involves a gene-edited stem cell therapy designed to address blood disorders such as sickle cell disease and beta-thalassemia.

As of the latest available data, CRISPR Therapeutics AG holds a market capitalization of approximately €5.3 billion, indicating its significant standing within the biotech industry. The company's focused efforts on developing innovative CRISPR-Cas9 based treatments exhibit their dedication to advancing precision medicine and addressing unmet medical needs.

Horizon Discovery Group

Horizon Discovery Group, headquartered in the United Kingdom, is a leading gene editing company that specialises in designing and manufacturing genetically modified cells. Their primary focus is on utilising these modified cells for research and clinical applications to advance human health.

The company boasts a cutting-edge gene editing and preparation platform, which grants them the ability to modify nearly any DNA sequence or RNA copy. As a result, they have built an extensive portfolio of over 1,000,000 cell products and reagents. These products play a vital role in aiding scientists in their research, particularly in studying and understanding genetic and protein abnormalities associated with diseases like cancer.

One of the remarkable aspects of Horizon Discovery's solution is its versatility, enabling the alteration or adjustment of virtually any gene to study its function in human and other mammalian cell lines. This capability opens up a wide range of possibilities for exploring the molecular basis of diseases and developing potential therapeutic targets.

Agri Biotech Companies:

Phytoform Labs

Phytoform Labs is a London-based biotechnology company established in 2017 with the primary goal of revolutionising plant breeding processes. Their mission is to significantly reduce plant breeding times, transforming decades-long processes into just a few years, through the implementation of cutting-edge gene editing technologies. By leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) and CRISPR/Cas9 genetic engineering, Phytoform Labs aims to enhance crop performance and boost yields for breeders while also improving the overall economic viability of breeding for customers.

The company's innovative approach involves the use of a proprietary machine learning technology called CRE.AI.TIVE. This advanced AI system enables them to identify specific, minute changes in DNA sequences that can have a profound impact on crops. Through this technology, they can develop plant varieties that exhibit enhanced resilience and reduced susceptibility to damage, thus minimising crop losses caused by adverse weather conditions.

Overall, Phytoform Labs represents an exciting and innovative force in the agricultural biotech industry, showcasing how the convergence of AI and genetic engineering can lead to game-changing advancements in crop breeding and agricultural sustainability.


BASF SE, headquartered in Germany, stands as a dominant force in the agricultural biotech sector and holds a prominent position among the world's largest chemical companies. With a steadfast commitment to sustainable agriculture, BASF concentrates its efforts on creating groundbreaking solutions for the farming industry. Their research encompasses diverse fields such as crop protection products, seeds, plant traits, and digital farming technologies.

BASF's biotech innovations play a crucial role in empowering farmers to achieve higher crop yields, safeguard plants against diseases and pests, and ultimately enhance overall agricultural productivity and efficiency. Through their cutting-edge products, BASF strives to contribute to a more sustainable and prosperous future for the global agricultural community.

This blog has sought to highlight just a handful of the numerous pioneering biotechnology companies based in Europe, each demonstrating remarkable achievements in their respective fields. These companies collectively exemplify the continent's prowess in harnessing the power of biotechnology for the betterment of society. As Europe continues to foster a nurturing environment for scientific research and entrepreneurship, it is undoubtedly poised to remain at the forefront of the global biotechnology landscape, contributing significantly to human welfare and sustainable progress in the years to come.